Head circumference is measured because it’s an easy way to tell if there’s a potential problem or if something needs to be watched. For example, if the head grows too fast, it could sign hydrocephalus or water on the brain. If the head grows too slowly, it could be a sign of microcephaly or a smaller head than normal.
When should I be concerned about my baby’s head size?
When should my baby’s head circumference be measured? The WHO guidance advises that: “Head circumference should be measured around birth, at the 6-8 week check up and at any time after that if there are any worries about the child’s head growth or development”.
Does head circumference indicate intelligence?
The head circumference of a child has essentially nothing to do with intelligence and, as long as your baby’s head is average-size and regularly growing, there’s no cause for alarm when they come in a bit behind the curve.
What is the normal percentile for head circumference?
A percentile of 50% represents the average or mean head circumference. A value below 50 percent means a baby’s head circumference is less than the average. A value greater than 50 percent means a baby’s head circumference is above average.
What does a large head circumference indicate?
Children with macrocephaly have a head circumference (the measurement around the widest part of the head) that is greater than the 98th percentile. Sometimes a large head means that there is a problem in the brain which might require surgery.
Do autistic babies have large heads?
After accounting for sex, height, weight and genetic ancestry, the researchers found that children with autism do tend to have larger heads than their unaffected siblings, but the difference is small: just 2 millimeters on average.
What is abnormal head circumference?
Macrocephaly refers to an overly large head. It’s often a symptom of complications or conditions in the brain. There’s a standard used to define macrocephaly: The circumference of a person’s head is more than two standard deviations above average for their age. Or, their head is larger than the 98th percentile.
How can I improve my baby’s IQ?
Here are 20 ideas for fun and simple things you can do to boost your baby’s IQ.
- READ A BOOK. Your child is never too young to be read to, says Linda Clinard, a literacy consultant and author of Family Time Reading Fun. …
- CUDDLE AWAY. …
- SING. …
- MAKE EYE CONTACT. …
- NARRATE YOUR DAY. …
- USE THE RIGHT TONE. …
- COUNT ALOUD. …
- POINT YOUR FINGER.
Should I worry if my baby has a small head?
When to see a doctor
Chances are your doctor will detect microcephaly at the baby’s birth or at a regular well-baby checkup. However, if you think your baby’s head is smaller than normal or isn’t growing as it should, talk to your doctor.
Do breastfed babies have bigger heads?
The results of the research show babies who are breast-fed have lower blood pressure when they are three years old compared with babies who are given formula with high amounts of protein. In addition, breast-fed babies also had slightly bigger heads than those who were fed a low-protein formula.
What percentile head circumference is Macrocephaly?
Macrocephaly is the condition in which the head circumference of an infant is above 2 standard deviations, which is above the 97th percentile.
Is 32 cm head circumference at birth?
According to the recommended growth standard, newborns with head circumference <32 cm are considered microcephaly, which is equivalent to the 25th percentile of head circumference of all Malaysian newborns in this study (Table 3).
Do Down syndrome babies have big heads?
Height and weight — Babies with Down syndrome are usually smaller than other babies, and they have smaller heads. They may also grow more slowly and may never reach the same heights that typical children do.
Why do premature babies have big heads?
He will be very small and his head may appear too big for his body. The reason for this is that preterm babies lack the subcutaneous fat that fills babies out in the last few weeks before birth.
What causes large baby head circumference?
Increased head size may be from any of the following: Benign familial macrocephaly (family tendency toward large head size) Canavan disease (condition that affects how the body breaks down and uses a protein called aspartic acid) Hydrocephalus (buildup of fluid inside the skull that leads to brain swelling)