An umbilical hernia happens when intestine, fat, or fluid pushes through a weak spot or hole in your baby’s stomach muscles. This causes a bulge near or in the belly button, or navel. It may look like your child’s belly button is swollen. Many children have an umbilical hernia at birth.
Do umbilical hernias go away in babies?
Most of the time, a hernia that starts before 6 months of age will go away by 1 year of age. But some children get or still have an umbilical hernia when they are infants or toddlers. Umbilical hernias almost always close on their own as a child grows. But sometimes surgery is needed.
What is the cause of umbilical hernia?
An umbilical hernia can develop when fatty tissue or a part of the bowel pokes through into an area near the navel. In adults, factors that can contribute to developing an umbilical hernia include: being overweight or obese. straining while moving or lifting heavy objects.
When should I worry about my baby’s umbilical hernia?
Call the doctor if your child still has the hernia after turning 5 years old. Call right away if: The hernia gets larger, seems swollen, or is hard. The hernia sticks out when your child is sleeping, calm, or lying down and you can’t push it back in.
How do you prevent an umbilical hernia?
The only way to repair an umbilical hernia is through surgery. An umbilical hernia repair surgery helps to push the sac back into place and strengthen the abdominal wall. There are two types of surgery available to repair the hernia.
How serious is a hernia in a baby?
In many cases, hernias aren’t dangerous. As long as the hernia can move back into the abdomen, it’s usually not a problem. But if the bowel becomes stuck in the weak spot (strangulated), the problem becomes more serious. The abdominal muscle squeezes the bowel, causing swelling.
Should you push an umbilical hernia back in?
An irreducible hernia cannot be pushed back inside. Any time a hernia cannot be reduced, you should contact your health-care provider. Sometimes these types of hernias can become strangulated. The tissue, usually intestine, can become trapped and the blood supply cut off.
How do you treat an umbilical hernia in an infant?
Umbilical Hernia Treatment
Most umbilical hernias don’t need any treatment. Usually, the hole heals on its own by the time your child is 4 or 5 years old. Even if it doesn’t, it’ll likely get smaller. That’ll make surgery a bit easier.
Are umbilical hernias genetic?
Umbilical hernias are usually painless. The exact incidence and cause are unknown. Certain family lines have a higher incidence of umbilical hernias suggesting at least a partial genetic predisposition to the condition.
Is an umbilical hernia serious?
An umbilical hernia is not dangerous in itself, but there is a risk that it will get trapped (incarcerated). This can cut off the blood supply to the contents of the hernia, causing life-threatening conditions such as gangrene or peritonitis (if this happens, the hernia is said to be strangulated).
Is umbilical hernia painful in infants?
Symptoms of umbilical hernia include: A slight swelling or even a bulge near the belly button. The spot becomes larger and harder when the baby cries, coughs, or strains, due to the increase of pressure on the abdomen. Under normal circumstances, the hernia is not painful to the touch.
Can umbilical hernia cause constipation in babies?
Vomiting and/or constipation may be signs of a more serious condition called a strangulated umbilical hernia. This occurs when the intestine has significantly protruded into the bulge and blood circulation is restricted.
Can a umbilical hernia heal itself?
An umbilical hernia won’t go away on its own. Only surgery can repair it.
They occur when part of the intestine bulges through the umbilical opening in the abdominal muscles. This creates a soft bulge or swelling near the navel that might become more noticeable when the baby cries or strains. They are more common in premature babies, low birth weight babies, and Black infants.